- Describe one example each for effective problem-focused, emotion-focused, and biology-focused coping mechanisms and explain why each is effective.
- Describe one example each for ineffective problem-focused, emotion-focused, and biology-focused coping mechanisms and explain why each is ineffective.
- Explain two approaches you might use to address the most common ineffective coping mechanisms for the population:HIV/AIDS population
Understanding the difference between stressors that are within your control and those that are not contributes to the foundation of how to resolve or manage the stressor. Lazarus and Folkman, in the early 1980s, introduced problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. In the act of primary appraisal, Lazarus and Folkman’s model considers personal beliefs, commitments, goals, and past experiences as the criteria through which threatening events are filtered as perception of the stressor is developed. Imagine how these model characteristics might affect whether emotion-focused or problem-focused coping is used when dealing with a specific stressor.