Explain why a patient would need a blood transfusion.

 

Explain why a patient would need a blood transfusion.

 

 

 

Med Surg I Case Study
MED SURG 1 CASE STUDY

Hilary Clinton, age 24, has recently been diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). To provide long-term venous access, she was admitted to have an implanted port placed. She had a 21- gauge peripheral IV inserted in her right arm prior to surgery. After her port was placed, Mrs. Clinton™s physician ordered 2 units of packed red blood cells (PRBCs). Once you obtain the PRBCs from the blood bank, you note to the nursing aide that the blood seems very cold. She says, œOh, that isn™t a problem; we have a microwave on the unit. When you talk to Mrs. Clinton about the blood transfusion, she tells you that the last time she received blood she had chills and fever during the transfusion.

Medical Orders
2 units of packed RBC™s stat
Intravenous fluids(IVFs): D5 ½ NS @ 50 ml/hr

-Identify the site you will use to administer blood to Mrs. Clinton. Why did you choose this site?
-Describe the technique you will use to administer blood to Mrs. Clinton.
-Identify the purposes for warming blood, and describe the safest way to warm blood.
-Considering Mrs. Clinton™s history (hx) and diagnosis (dx), describe the precautions you will implement before giving her the blood.
-List two important things that need to be obtained prior to administering the blood. (1 from the patient) (1 from the doctor)
-Provide six signs & symptoms of a blood transfusion reaction.
-What would you teach Mrs. Clinton prior to starting the blood transfusion?
-Explain why a patient would need a blood transfusion.
-Why does Mrs. Clinton need a blood transfusion?
-What is a normal hemoglobin & hematocrit level?
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